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強烈譴責警方未經學校師生同意下進入校園私人範圍非法執行職務

2016/1/27 — 0:09

作者製圖

作者製圖

【文:港大法律學生政改關注組】

一群港大學生的聲明 — 強烈譴責警方未經學校師生同意下進入校園私人範圍非法執行職務

今晚包圍港大沙宣道賽馬會跨學科研究大樓的學生明言只為向校委會施壓,要求修改大學條例。他們表明並無意圖使用武力進行抗議,亦明顯不為大學校園的侵入者。警方沒有任何理由在私人地方強行執行職務。

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參考案例Semple v DPP [2009] EWHC 3241 (Admin), [2011] PTSR 111 (DC) para 13,Hickinbottom J指「警員在沒有擾亂秩序及使用暴力的可能的情況下,沒有任何職責去協助物業擁有人去驅趕侵入者。」

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換言之,警方當時並非依法執行職務當中,但他們卻(很可能違法)主動扮演大學保安。由是觀之,他們以執法者之名在校園內對學生及其他人士作出的限制,足以構成恐嚇、毆打、或非法拘禁。

Tonight, the police took the extreme course of entering University premises, for reasons as yet unexplained. They did so despite the fact that the students had explicitly disavowed any intention to act violently.

Even if the students could, somehow, be regarded as trespassers, 'a constable is not under any duty to assist a premises owner to evict a trespasser absent a risk of a breach of the peace or risk of violence.' (Semple v DPP [2009] EWHC 3241 (Admin), [2011] PTSR 111 (DC) para 13 per Hickinbottom J ).

In other words, the police were not acting in the execution of their duties at the time, but they were (arguably unlawfully) acting as if they were the University's servants. In the premises, any restraint they put on the students was not cloaked in lawful authority, and would have amounted to assault, battery and/or false imprisonment.

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