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演唱歌曲含粗言穢語 不代表違《公安條例》

2015/4/28 — 14:02

【法政匯思短評:關於新界關注大聯盟「強烈譴責嶺南大學校園內舉行粗口音樂會」記者會】
THE PROGRESSIVE LAWYERS GROUP’S SHORT COMMENTARY REGARDING THE PRESS CONFERENCE ENTITLED “STRONGLY CONDEMNING LINGNAN UNIVERSITY IN HOLDING A FOUL LANGUAGE CONCERT ON CAMPUS” BY THE NEW TERRITORIES CONCERN GROUP ON 27 APRIL 2015

法政匯思留意到新界關注大聯盟昨日召開記者會,就嶺南大學校日前舉辦的音樂會中有樂隊唱出含有粗口之歌曲作出回應。根據報道,新界關注大聯盟在該記者會中強烈譴責嶺南大學學生會,並促請警方引用香港法例 245章《公安條例》17B條立即拘捕涉嫌人士。

《公安條例》17B有兩個條款。條款(1)指:「任何人在為某事情而召開的公眾聚集中作出擾亂秩序行為,或煽動他人作出此種行為,以阻止處理該事情,即屬犯罪,一經定罪,可處第2級罰款及監禁12個月。」而條款(2)則訂明:「任何人在公眾地方作出喧嘩或擾亂秩序的行為,或使用恐嚇性、辱罵性或侮辱性的言詞,或派發或展示任何載有此等言詞的文稿,意圖激使他人破壞社會安寧, 或其上述行為相當可能會導致社會安寧破壞,即屬犯罪,一經定罪,可處第2級罰款及監禁12個月。」

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縱觀有關報道,我們看不到樂隊在校園音樂會中唱出含有粗口歌詞的行為,如何可以被定性為一個「擾亂秩序行為」。我們亦看不到有關人士「有意圖激使他人破壞社會安寧」。因此我們認為《公安條例》17B條並不適用於此事件。

除此以外,我們亦留意到有不少團體和個別人士排山倒海地譴責有關樂隊和舉辦該音樂會的嶺南大學學生會。就此等「批鬥式」的評論,法政匯思深感憂慮。即使某些歌曲或文章可能含有粗言穢語,亦不代表創作、發佈、或表演該等歌曲或文章的人士干犯了《公安條例》第17B條。在此我們促請各界人士尊重受到《基本法》保障的香港文化創意產業和學術言論自由。

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法政匯思
2015 年 4月28日

The Progressive Lawyers Group notes that the New Territories Concern Group convened a press conference yesterday in response to a concert held at the Lingnan University in which a band performed a song allegedly containing foul language. According to press reports, the New Territories Concern Group strongly condemned Lingnan University Students’ Union, and urged the police to arrest the suspects in accordance with Section 17B of the Public Order Ordinance (Cap. 245).

Section 17B of the Public Order Ordinance (Cap. 245), contains two sub-sections. Subsection (1) states: “Any person who at any public gathering acts in a disorderly manner for the purpose of preventing the transaction of the business for which the public gathering was called together or incites others so to act shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine at level 2 and to imprisonment for 12 months.” Subsection (2) stipulates that: “Any person who in any public place behaves in a noisy or disorderly manner, or uses, or distributes or displays any writing containing, threatening, abusive or insulting words, with intent to provoke a breach of the peace, or whereby a breach of the peace is likely to be caused, shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine at level 2 and to imprisonment for 12 months.”

Having considered the relevant press reports, we cannot see how the act of performing a song containing foul language by a band in a campus concert could be characterised as an act “in a disorderly manner”. We also cannot see how the persons concerned had allegedly acted “with intent to provoke a breach of the peace”. Therefore, we are of the view that Section 17B of the Public Order Ordinance (Cap. 245) does not apply to this incident.

In addition, we also note that there has been an overwhelming condemnation by a number of groups and individuals against the band in question as well as against Lingnan University Students’ Union which organised the concert. We are deeply concerned by these “Cultural Revolution-style” criticisms. Even if certain songs or written articles contained foul language or “curse words”, it does not necessarily mean that the persons who created, published or performed such songs or articles would thereby have breached Section 17B of the Public Order Ordinance, Cap. 245. We hereby urge all members of the public to respect Hong Kong’s cultural and creative industry, as well as citizens’ academic freedom and freedom of expression as enshrined and protected under the Basic Law.

Progressive Lawyers Group
28 April 2015

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