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寫在 Kevin Durant 宣佈轉會後:當新的倫理和選擇典範正在形成

2016/7/6 — 20:25

杜蘭特(右)將會離隊他投。這位球星與其他雷霆舊隊友,下季此情不再。(圖片來源:NBA 雷霆隊 twitter)

杜蘭特(右)將會離隊他投。這位球星與其他雷霆舊隊友,下季此情不再。(圖片來源:NBA 雷霆隊 twitter)

競技運動和娛樂事業,好像都是當代的希臘神話,觀眾的投入反應、執著和八卦、對當中明星的選擇評頭品足,反映了最直接的大眾思考,很有趣。什麼是倫理?什麼是對、什麼是錯?怎樣的選擇是可取的?怎樣才算正直的人?

一位NBA籃球員投身哪隊球隊,除了是命運,也就是叫價力、市場、個人事業欲望和品牌經營影響下的混合結果。對於他來說,投身哪隊球隊本來是個人和經理人考量的選擇,但這考量又極受制於對大眾而言何謂「值得支持的倫理」。球迷情緒很易猜,沒多大複雜性,倫理潛規則也很簡單,Kevin Durant 作為體育明星,已在NBA體制裡9年了,不可能沒想像到投身Golden State Warriors將引來鋪天蓋地的批評;Golden State Warriors市值之高,也不可能任意作損害收入的決定。

那麼說,那可能是球員和球會高度理性的選擇,他們知道忍受一時的批評將換來龐大利益?不然,是否有什麼是超越利益和形象等考慮的有趣原因?

廣告

暫時讀到其中一種分析是,球迷都不合時宜了,他們看不到轉變中的聯賽結構。在新的結構性改變中,今後在NBA最重要而會讓人記得的,將會是'Super-Team'...他日歷史只會記得這些球隊,所以作為明星最重要的是加入最好的super-team。不知道這分析有多準確,但至少讀到有趣點的說法。同時,經常可以回復自由身,也讓球員獲得更大的自由,其是這是「打工仔」的願景。

"Given that the CBA works as a redistribution program, with players like Leuer, Mozgov, and Parsons grabbing cash that should really belong to draftees and superstars, it’s inevitable that a player like Durant would look to extract value in some other way: by winning championships, for instance....

廣告

This is how things are going to be unless something structural changes. People are complaining about individual actors—dumb, spendthrift general managers and disloyal, cowardly players—when this is exactly what the league has set itself up to be.

The structure of Durant’s new contract, a two-year max deal with a player option after the first year, is also a consequence of the collective-bargaining agreement. Just as LeBron James has done repeatedly, Durant will sign a short-term deal that allows him to become a free agent again in 2017, when the salary cap will grow to $110 million and his max contract will be that much richer. Next year, LeBron (almost definitely), Durant (if he opts out, which he will), Steph Curry, Russell Westbrook, Chris Paul, and Blake Griffin will all be free agents..."

 

原題為〈當新的倫理和選擇典範正在形成〉

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